論文発表_2004_Influence of uprighting posture of Shaolin Internal Qigong on body sway

Influence of uprighting posture of Shaolin Internal Qigong on body sway

Qiang LI, Yoshimasa MATSUURA, Qiming LI, Shinji TSUBOUCHI, Masateru KUSHIZAKI, Teruo ASAHI, Katsuo NISHIMOTO and Norinaga SHIMIZU

推 拿 医 学(Journal of Tuina Medicine) Vol.6 No.2 2004

【Abstract】
The body is continuously moved while maintaining a posture of being bent forward a little. Movement is also assisted by breathing whilst practicing the uprighting posture of Shaolin Internal Qigong. It is assumed that the uprighting posture of Shaolin Internal Qigong differs from the general standing posture. The posture control mechanism always works when the body is active so that body sway is well controlled in the upright position.
In this study, we investigated various factors of body sway of a skilled Shaolin Internal Qigong doctor. In standing posture at rest, body sway was observed to converge at a fixed range. The fixed range began to diverge and traces of body sway showed when the anteroposterior direction was dominant when engaging in the uprighting posture. Each value of length (LNG), LNG/TIME and envelope area (ENV/AREA) visibly and clearly increased in the uprighting posture. Comparing position vector of standing posture in rest with that of the uprighting posture, the latter showed a distinct tendency for both the body to sway and incline to the axis of the participant’s foot. Uprighting posture is achieved by standing with both toes pointed inward and apart approximating a “distance near to shoulder width”. In the astride posture, base of support widened so that body stability in the lateral direction increased.
In addition, body stability should increase in the anteroposterior direction while arms extend straight out from the body, because the base of support was widened. But results showed that each value of body sway of the uprighting posture was clearer than each of the non uprighting posture.
The reasons seem to relate to the three following factors:

(1) breath during activity ;

(2) maintaining contraction of both the upper extremity muscles and the antigravity muscles ;

(3) regulating consciousness in the uprighting posture. An instructor should pay more attention to a beginner with the disorder of labyrinthine sense organ system and to an on old person to prevent falls that usually occur during training.

Key Words: Shaolin Internal Qigong, uprighting posture, body sway, posture control mechanism, fall of old person

論文抄録_2002‐1_関於中国推拿滾法術者操作時和被治者接受時的生理反応

関於中国推拿滾法術者操作時和被治者接受時的生理反応
松浦 義昌、李 強、坪内 伸司、清水 教永
東方医学,17:9-16,2002.

<中国語>摘要

在本論文中,我們就推拿滾法是如何影響医患両者的循環系統功能進行了研究。実験対象為推拿師5名,正常者4名。推拿師的訓練年数従1個月到3年以上不等,其中包括有25年以上臨床経験的中国人推拿医師1名。根据経験年数,我們将術者分為両組。再対訓練年数未満1年的2名術者個別地進行了分析。関於実験方法,術者及被治者両方面都装置上携帯用的心電記録装置,分安静時5分鐘,滾法時10分鐘,回復時5分鐘測定心率,而且同時在操作或接受滾法的前後以及5鐘分後,還測定了血圧和血中乳酸値。研究結果表明,操作滾法中的術者群的平均心率比滾法開始前安静時有顕著性増加(p<0.05),而与滾法結束後的回復期相比則有顕著性減少(p<0.05)。相反,被治者群的平均心率与滾法開始前安静時相比滾法中時顕示出有顕著性減少(p<0.05),与結束後回復期相比則有顕著性増加(p<0.05)。此外,在操作滾法的前後時以及5分後時的血中乳酸値和血圧都没有顕示出統計学上的変化(p>0.05)。訓練経験年数未満1年的術者的心率比起術者群的平均心率顕得極為増高,操作滾法中的平均心率為137 beats/min,最高心率達到161 beats/min。従以上的結果表明,僅就心率,血中乳酸値以及血圧而言,術者群操作的滾法対人体的生理負担度極為軽微。這或許表明,推拿師是在一種安定的,並不是維持高心率水平的状態下操作滾法的。而且被治者群在接受滾法時的心率水平与接受滾法前的安静時相比,接受滾法時顕得低下。我們推測,滾法可能抑制被治者的交感神経功能,対循環系統功能起到某種影響。